NASA has assigned veteran spacefarer Kjell Lindgren and “rookie” astronaut Bob Hines to the fourth operational voyage of SpaceX’s Crew Dragon to the Worldwide House Station (ISS), with launch atop a Falcon 9 booster from Pad 39A at the Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in Florida anticipated someday in 2022.
In its announcement Friday, the house company revealed that Lindgren—who beforehand backed up last summer’s historic Demo-2 mission, earlier than rotating onto the backup crew for the currently-in-progress Crew-1—would command Crew-4, with Hines serving as pilot. They are going to be joined by two extra crew members from NASA’s worldwide companions, though it stays to be seen whether or not these seats will likely be crammed by representatives of Russia, Canada, Europe or Japan.
The project brings to 5 the full variety of crews and partial crews at present coaching to fly Industrial Crew autos within the coming months; three aboard SpaceX’s Crew Dragon and two aboard Boeing’s CST-100 Starliner.
With Crew-1 astronauts Mike Hopkins, Victor Glover, Shannon Walker and Soichi Noguchi set to return to Earth aboard Dragon Resilience in late April or early Might, their Crew-2 replacements—NASA veterans Shane Kimbrough and former deputy chief astronaut Megan McArthur, along with Japan’s Aki Hoshide and Frenchman Thomas Pesquet—are slated to launch aboard Dragon Endeavour no sooner than 20 April. A exact length has not been introduced, aside from an expectation that the crew will return this fall.
Previous to the Crew-2 return, in a “direct handover” on the U.S. Operational Section (USOS), Crew-Three astronauts Raja Chari—who becomes one of only a handful of first-time flyers ever to command a U.S. space mission—and crewmates Tom Marshburn, Germany’s Matthias Maurer and an as-yet-unnamed fourth member will launch in September 2021 for roughly a half-year aboard the ISS.
Additionally focused to fly no sooner than September is the Crewed Flight Check (CFT) of the CST-100 Starliner, whose launch date stays very a lot depending on the result of the second Orbital Flight Check (OFT-2), presently due to launch atop an Atlas V rocket from Space Launch Complex (SLC)-41 at Cape Canaveral Space Force Station, Fla., on 25 March.
Commander Barry “Butch” Wilmore—appointed to the CFT prime crew last fall—will likely be accompanied by pilot Nicole Mann and Joint Operations Commander (JOC) Mike Fincke. Initially baselined as a two-week take a look at flight, NASA announced plans in April 2019 to extend this duration. However the precise size of CFT stays to be seen.
Assuming that each OFT-2 and CFT run with out main wrinkles, the first Post-Certification Mission (PCM) of the CST-100 Starliner is focused for the spring of 2022. Commanded by two-time ISS veteran and former deputy chief astronaut Sunita Williams, the Starliner-1 crew options pilot Josh Cassada and a pair of mission specialists including Jeanette Epps.
It should mark the primary long-duration “operational” voyage by Boeing’s new spacecraft. And “rookie” spacefarer Matt Dominick—who accomplished Astronaut Candidate (ASCAN) coaching in January 2020 and was named as a member of the “Artemis Staff” last December—will function a Starliner-1 backup crew member.
Into this combine now enters the Crew-Four workforce of Lindgren, Hines and their two, as-yet-unannounced crewmates, whose personal launch date hinges upon these of its predecessors. Having beforehand served as backup commander for each Demo-2 and Crew-1, Lindgren—a civilian doctor—has clearly earned his stripes to steer this mission. He additionally crammed a number of key management positions inside the astronaut corps, together with chief of the assigned crew department of the workplace.
Selected as an astronaut by NASA in June 2009, Lindgren was born in Taipei, the capital of Taiwan, in January 1973. After a childhood spent in England and the U.S. Midwest, he earned a level in biology (with a minor in Mandarin Chinese language) from the U.S. Air Pressure Academy in 1995, throughout which period he was additionally a member of the “Wings of Blue” parachuting workforce and served as an teacher, jumpmaster and a part of the intercollegiate nationwide championship workforce. A grasp’s diploma in cardiovascular physiology from Colorado State College in 1996 was adopted by a medical doctorate from the College of Colorado in 2002.
Lindgren then accomplished a three-year residency in emergency drugs, together with a chief resident yr at Hennepin County Medical Middle in Minneapolis, Minn., adopted by a Nationwide Library of Medication Publish-Doctoral Fellowship and Grasp of Well being Informatics on the College of Minnesota in 2006.
He then undertook a residency in aerospace drugs and gained a Grasp of Public Well being (MPH) diploma in 2007 from the College of Texas Medical Department in Galveston, Texas. Lindgren first got here to JSC in 2007 as an ISS flight surgeon and rose to change into deputy crew surgeon for STS-130—the second-to-last voyage of shuttle Endeavour—and Expedition 24. Throughout this timeframe, he was chosen into NASA’s astronaut corps.
His first flight, lasting greater than 141 days, saw him launch aboard Soyuz TMA-17M from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan on 22 July 2015, shoulder-to-shoulder with Russian cosmonaut Oleg Kononenko and Japan’s Kimiya Yui. The trio spent greater than 4.5 months aboard the ISS, working as a part of the Expedition 44 and 45 crews and Lindgren performed a pair of spacewalks, totaling over 15 hours. Lindgren, Kononenko and Yui returned to Earth on 11 December.
Becoming a member of Lindgren within the pilot’s seat for the Crew-Four mission is Bob Hines, who was selected by NASA for astronaut training in June 2017. Born in Fayetteville, N.C., in January 1975, Hines is a House Camp alumnus who went on to earn a level in aerospace engineering from Boston College in 1997.
He then entered the Air Pressure, accomplished undergraduate pilot coaching at Columbus Air Pressure Base in Columbus, Miss., and served as a T-37 teacher. Hines later skilled to fly the F-15E fighter and was assigned to RAF Lakenheath in the UK, throughout which period he deployed operationally to the Center East. He went on to finish Air Pressure Check Pilot College at Edwards Air Pressure Base, Calif., in 2008, and earned a grasp’s diploma in flight take a look at engineering.
After commencement, Hines labored as a take a look at pilot for the F-15C Eagle and F-15E Strike Eagle, later incomes a grasp’s diploma in aerospace engineering from the College of Alabama. He joined the Air Pressure Reserve in 2011 and later served as a civilian analysis pilot for the Plane Operations Division (AOD) of the Flight Operations Directorate (FOD). Following his choice as an astronaut candidate in June 2017, Hines transitioned again to energetic Air Pressure standing in February 2019 and at present holds the rank of lieutenant-colonel.
Final yr, Hines and his classmates accomplished their astronaut candidate coaching and had been assigned technical duties inside the workplace. By final summer time, Hines was assigned to the Exploration department. Extra just lately—less than two weeks ago—Hines was on the Capcom’s console within the Mission Management Middle (MCC) on the Johnson House Middle (JSC) in Houston, Texas, speaking to Expedition 64 spacewalkers Mike Hopkins and Victor Glover as they labored to wrap up a four-year-plus campaign to completely substitute the house station’s getting older nickel-hydrogen batteries with newer, lighter and extra succesful lithium-ion items.