Russian scientists on Saturday launched one of many world’s largest underwater area telescopes to see deep into the universe from the pristine waters of Lake Baikal.
The deep underwater telescope, which has been below development since 2015, is designed to watch neutrinos, the smallest particles presently identified.
Dubbed Baikal-GVD, the telescope was submerged to a depth of 750-1,300 meters (2,500-4,300 ft), round 4 kilometres from the lake’s shore.
Neutrinos are very onerous to detect and water is an efficient medium for doing so.
The floating observatory consists of strings with spherical glass and chrome steel modules connected to them.
On Saturday, scientists noticed the modules being rigorously lowered into the freezing waters by an oblong gap within the ice.
“A neutrino telescope measuring half a cubic kilometre is located proper below our ft,” Dmitry Naumov of the Joint Institute for Nuclear Analysis advised AFP whereas standing on the lake’s frozen floor.
In a number of years the telescope will probably be expanded to measure one cubic kilometre, Naumov mentioned.
The Baikal telescope will rival Ice Dice, an enormous neutrino observatory buried below the Antarctic ice at a US analysis station on the South Pole, he added.
Russian scientists say the telescope is the most important neutrino detector within the Northern Hemisphere and Lake Baikal—the most important freshwater lake on the earth—is good for housing the floating observatory.
“After all, Lake Baikal is the one lake the place you possibly can deploy a neutrino telescope due to its depth,” Bair Shoibonov of the Joint Institute for Nuclear Analysis advised AFP.
“Recent water can also be necessary, water readability too. And the truth that there’s ice cowl for two-two and a half months can also be essential.”
The telescope is the results of a collaboration between scientists from the Czech Republic, Germany, Poland, Russia and Slovakia.
© 2021 AFP
Russia deploys large area telescope in Lake Baikal (2021, March 13)
retrieved 13 March 2021
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