That is traditionally bizarre. Previous to 2015, there have been zero situations of Congress growing NASA’s general finances in response to a minimize proposed by the White Home. Since 2015 that has occurred four instances, Three of which have been through the Trump administration (in 2017, 2018, and 2019). As you may anticipate, these will increase have primarily been directed towards congressional priorities, specifically the SLS and main science missions. When the Trump administration did start requesting will increase in 2020, it was inside the regular congressional scope (5%). However when the President requested an excellent bigger 12% improve in 2021, Congress supplied 3%, protecting tempo with their latest historic common.
This isn’t to say that there aren’t long-lasting impacts made to area coverage by the Trump administration, simply that NASA’s priorities, as seen by means of the prism of funding, didn’t change considerably. It’s no accident that the quantity of funding now going to the human touchdown system and the Gateway station is roughly the quantity freed up by the completion of the Business Crew improvement program, about $1 billion per yr. That was, in a way, unclaimed cash that was then directed towards a brand new mission, no matter want. It didn’t require substantial adjustments to any present applications already endorsed by Congress.
That is all of the extra cause to have interaction within the political course of; Congress continues to exert huge affect over the sensible implementation of NASA’s main applications. Congress will be the important thing to continued exploration, reminiscent of enabling the brand new batch of bold scientific missions, or stymie progress, reminiscent of its underfunding of human exploration initiatives past low-Earth orbit. This will probably be all of the extra vital within the coming years, when the general dimension of the budgetary pie could shrink, and NASA might want to compete to retain its bigger slice.