Monthly Stargazing Calendar for October 2014

Not like the previous month, this one shall be fairly eventful, together with two eclipses and two meteor showers. First off, the planet Uranus shall be at opposition on October 7. Because of this the gasoline big shall be at its closest method to Earth and its face shall be absolutely illuminated by the Solar. That is the very best time to view Uranus, nevertheless as a consequence of its distance it’s going to solely seem as a tiny blue-green dot in all however probably the most highly effective telescopes.

Lunar eclipse April 15 2014

Whole lunar eclipse on April 15 2014. Picture by Alfredo Garcia Jr.

The subsequent day on October Eight we will witness a whole lunar eclipse. Such an eclipse happens when the Moon passes utterly via the Earth’s darkish shadow, or umbra. The Moon will steadily get darker after which tackle a rusty or blood pink coloration. The eclipse shall be seen all through most of North America, South America, jap Asia, and Australia. For extra info seek the advice of the graphic beneath provided by NASA.

Total Lunar Eclipse October 8 2014

On the identical night time of October 8 and the next early morning, the Draconids meteor bathe will happen. It is a minor meteor bathe producing solely about 10 meteors per hour from mud grains left behind by comet 21P Giacobini-Zinner, which was first found in 1900. Sadly the glare from the total moon will block out all however the brightest meteors. Nevertheless you might be able to see some meteors when the moon darkens briefly throughout the whole lunar eclipse. If considered away from metropolis lights, some meteors might also be seen from October 6 to 10. Meteors will radiate from the constellation Draco, however can seem wherever within the sky.

Draco Constellation Map

Draco constellation map. Picture credit score: IAU and Sky & Telescope journal.

Two weeks later, on the nigh of October 22 and 23 the Orionids meteor bathe will happen. It is a median bathe producing as much as 20 meteors per hour at its peak from mud grains left behind by comet Halley. Some meteors might also be seen from October 2 to November 7. This shall be a superb 12 months for the Orionids as a result of there shall be no brilliant moon to intrude with the present. Meteors will radiate from the constellation Orion, however can seem wherever within the sky.

Orion-Constellation-Map

Orion constellation map. Picture credit score: IAU and Sky & Telescope journal.

The subsequent day, on October 23 there shall be one other main astronomical occasion: a partial photo voltaic eclipse. Such an eclipse happens when the Moon covers solely part of the Solar, typically resembling a chunk taken out of a cookie, versus a complete photo voltaic eclipse the place the complete disk of the Solar is roofed. Needless to say a partial photo voltaic eclipse can solely be safely noticed with a particular photo voltaic filter or by wanting on the Solar’s reflection. The partial eclipse shall be seen all through most of North and Central America. You may see the precise path of the eclipse in addition to some extra info on the graphic beneath provided by NASA.

Partial Solar Eclipse 2014-Oct-23

Moreover, you will discover the animated path offered by NASA beneath on the left in addition to a simulation of the biggest partiality simply earlier than sundown by Tom Ruen on the precise:

Partial Solar Eclipse 2014-Oct-23 Animation

Partial Solar Eclipse 2014-Oct-23 Greatest Partiality

Moon phases

As you already know, the moon has a huge impact on the visibility of celestial our bodies within the night time sky. So listed here are the moon’s phases for this month:

Moon Phases Calendar October 2014

Positions of the planets this month

Mercury: The closest planet to the Solar will be seen at daybreak and nightfall travelling throughout the constellation of Virgo not removed from Venus. This planet, being the closest to the Solar, will seem to maneuver shortly within the night time sky and its place will change within the following weeks.

Venus: The sister planet will be seen travelling throughout the constellation of Virgo. Identical to Mercury, Venus can solely be seen at daybreak and nightfall.

Mars: The pink aircraftt will be seen between the constellations of Scorpius and Ophiuchus.

Jupiter: The gasoline big is seen between the constellations of Most cancers and Leo. Jupiter can simply be noticed with the bare eye, even in extremely illuminated cities.

Saturn: The ringed big will be seen with the bare eye in the constellation of Libra.

Uranus: The gasoline big will be seen in the constellation of Pisces with the usage of a telescope.

Neptune: The blue big requires a telescope pointed within the constellation of Aquarius so as to be seen.

Main astronomical occasions subsequent month

  • November – Rosetta spacecraft touchdown on comet.
  • November 5, 6 – Taurids meteor bathe.
  • November 17, 18 – Leonids meteor bathe.

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