This month there might be plenty of astronomical occasions. On October 3 Uranus was at opposition. The planet was at its closest method to Earth and its face was absolutely illuminated by the Solar. That was one of the best time to view Uranus, however it’ll nonetheless be excellent for the weeks to return. Resulting from its distance, it’ll solely seem as a tiny blue-green dot in all however probably the most highly effective telescopes.
Tonight (October 7 – 8) is the height of the Draconids meteor bathe. It’s a minor meteor bathe producing solely about 10 meteors per hour through the peak, however some meteors will be seen sooner or later earlier than and after the height. It originates from mud grains left behind by comet 21P Giacobini-Zinner, which was first found in 1900. The skinny crescent moon will set early within the night leaving darkish skies for optimum observing, particularly from a darkish location far-off from metropolis lights. Meteors will seem to radiate from the constellation Draco.
Draco constellation map. Picture credit score: IAU and Sky & Telescope journal.
On October 9 Mercury might be at biggest japanese elongation. The planet might be at its furthest angle from the Solar, often known as biggest elongation, which implies it will likely be at its highest level within the night time sky after sundown. That is one of the best time to attempt to view Mercury because it stays so near the Solar and doesn’t often climb very excessive above the horizon.
On October 18 there might be a penumbral lunar eclipse. Such an eclipse happens when the Moon passes via the Earth’s partial shadow, or penumbra. The Moon will darken barely however not fully. The eclipse might be seen all through many of the world apart from Australia and excessive japanese Siberia.
And at last on October 21 – 22 we are going to witness the height of the Orionids meteor bathe. It’s a median bathe producing as much as 20 meteors per hour at its peak with some meteors seen from October 2 to November 7. It originates from mud grains left behind by comet Halley, which has been recognized and noticed since historical occasions. Sadly the waning gibbous moon will block among the meteors this 12 months, however the Orionids are usually pretty brilliant so it might nonetheless be present. Meteors will seem to radiate from the constellation Orion.
Orion constellation map. Picture credit score: IAU and Sky & Telescope journal.
As you recognize, the moon has a big effect on the visibility of celestial our bodies within the night time sky. So listed here are the moon’s phases for this month:
Positions of the planets this month
Mercury: The closest planet to the Solar will be seen at daybreak and nightfall travelling throughout the constellation of Libra. This planet, being the closest to the Solar, will seem to maneuver shortly within the night time sky and its place will change within the following weeks.
Venus: The sister planet will be seen between the constellations of Leo and Virgo. Identical to Mercury, Venus can solely be seen at daybreak and nightfall.
Mars: The pink airplanet will be seen travelling throughout the constellation of Scorpius, not removed from the planet Jupiter.
Jupiter: The gasoline big is seen within the constellation of Gemini. Jupiter can simply be noticed with the bare eye, even in extremely illuminated cities.
Saturn: The ringed big will be seen with the bare eye between the constellations of Virgo and Libra.
Uranus: The gasoline big will be seen between the constellations of Pisces and Cetus with using a telescope.
Neptune: The blue big requires a telescope pointed within the constellation of Aquarius so as to be seen.
Main astronomical occasions subsequent month
- November 3 – Hybrid Photo voltaic Eclipse.
- November 4, 5 – Taurids Meteor Bathe.
- November 16, 17 – Leonids Meteor Bathe.
- November 28 – Comet ISON Closest Method to the Solar.