Earlier this month there have been two main astronomical occasions: a hybrid photo voltaic eclipse on November third and the Taurids meteor bathe peak on the evening of November four and 5. What’s a hybrid photo voltaic eclipse you could ask? Nicely, this sort of eclipse occurs when the Moon is nearly too near the Earth to fully block the Solar. To some elements of the world it’s going to seem as a complete eclipse, whereas it will seem annular to others.
For those who missed these two occasions, don’t fear, there are two extra arising this month!
On the evening of November 16 and 17 we’ll witness the height of the Leonids meteor bathe. The Leonids are a median bathe, and might produce a median of as much as 15 meteors per hour on the peak, however some meteors may also be seen between November 6 and 30. This bathe is exclusive in that it has a cycle lasting 33 years and on the peak of mentioned cycle there are a whole bunch of meteors per hour as an alternative of the mere 15. That final time this peak occurred was in 2001. The Leonids are produced by mud grains left behind by comet Tempel-Tuttle, which was found in 1865. Sadly this yr the glare from the total moon will block lots of the meteors so it is very important view from a darkish location away from metropolis lights so as to have the ability to see a number of the brightest ones. Meteors will seem to radiate from the constellation Leo, however can seem wherever within the sky.
Leo constellation map. Picture credit score: IAU and Sky & Telescope journal.
On November 28 the newly found comet ISON will make its closest method to the solar. Orbital calculations point out that it’ll journey lower than 1.2 million km above the solar’s floor, making it a real “sungrazer”. As early as August and September, the comet has begun to be seen within the morning sky in darkish places with assistance from a telescope. In October it began to be seen to the bare eye and can proceed to get brighter till November 28. If the comet survives its shut encounter with the solar, it is going to be seen within the early morning and early night sky and will turn into almost as vivid as the total Moon, which is greater than sufficient to be seen throughout daylight. Sights like this are fairly uncommon, within the order of as soon as in a lifetime occasions, so I extremely suggest to make a while this month to witness it!
Comet ISON as seen by Hubble on 9 October 2013.
Photograph credit score: NASA, ESA, and the Hubble Heritage Workforce (STScI/AURA)
As you realize, the moon has a huge impact on the visibility of celestial our bodies within the evening sky. So listed below are the moon’s phases for this month:
Positions of the planets this month
Mercury: The closest planet to the Solar will be seen at daybreak and nightfall travelling throughout the constellation of Virgo. This planet, being the closest to the Solar, will seem to maneuver shortly within the evening sky and its place will change within the following weeks.
Venus: The sister planet will be seen within the constellation of Sagittarius. Identical to Mercury, Venus can solely be seen at daybreak and nightfall.
Jupiter: The fuel big is seen within the constellation of Gemini. Jupiter can simply be noticed with the bare eye, even in extremely illuminated cities.
Saturn: The ringed big will be seen with the bare eye between the constellations of Virgo and Libra.
Uranus: The fuel big will be seen between the constellations of Pisces and Cetus with using a telescope.
Neptune: The blue big requires a telescope pointed within the constellation of Aquarius with a view to be seen.
Main astronomical occasions subsequent month
- December 13, 14 – Geminids Meteor Bathe.
- December 21 – December Solstice.
- December 21, 22 – Ursids Meteor Bathe.